Foreign stake onus on firms says Qatar bourse
Doha, February 6, 2012
Qatar's bourse has done all it needs to secure an upgrade to emerging market status from index compiler MSCI, its top executive said.
The onus is now on individual companies to address the main foreign ownership limit issue, Andre Went told Reuters in an interview.
He said the exchange, home to the best-performing regional benchmark last year, aims to launch trade in bonds, introduce market makers and increase companies listed on the bourse.
The biggest issue facing investors in the country, the world's richest country per capita, is the low foreign ownership of Qatari companies, and this prompted a snub from MSCI during its review in December when it retained the country as frontier market.
"At this moment, there's not much the exchange needs to do.
It's up to individual companies to take that decision to move forward," Went said.
"The current foreign ownership rule stipulates a minimum of 25 per cent, not a maximum. It serves as a floor, rather than a cap. Today, any company can apply for higher foreign ownership limits."
Analysts estimate that a promotion to emerging market could result in inflows of up to $1.5 billion. The bourse increased memberships from 7 to 10 or 11 and issued multiple licenses for international custodians to comply with MSCI regulations. Qatar had eight or nine companies that ticked the boxes for emerging market status as against the MSCI stipulation of at least three companies for qualification, according to Went.
The executive said it was difficult to predict whether an upgrade would happen at MSCI's next review in June, adding that the exchange continued to hold roadshows with companies and investors on the topic.
"MSCI wants to be comfortable that there is sufficient room available for foreign investors when it promotes a country from frontier to emerging," he said.
Qatari retail investors comprise 65 to 70 percent of trading on the country's exchange, but 20 to 25 percent of holdings, Went said.
"Non-Qatari investors make up only six to seven percent of the bourse's market cap, so there is significant room still available." Went expects to see four new listings on the bourse a year on average over the next few years.
The massive domestic infrastructure building programme Qatar has embarked on in the runup to the 2022 World Cup soccer tournament it is hosting would help markets, Went said. Qatar has been preparing to deepen its debt market for many months, but has proceeded cautiously.
"Hopefully this year in one form or the other, we will have trading of government bonds of longer maturities, corporate bonds and project bonds," Went said. - Reuters