Promoting CEOs from within pays, says study
Dubai, May 31, 2011
Businesses that exclusively promote CEOs from within the organisation outperform companies that recruit CEOs from outside the organisation, according to A.T. Kearney, a global management consultancy.
In an international study of S&P 500 non-financial companies over 20 years (1988-2007), 36 companies outperformed others across seven measurable metrics: return on assets, equity and investment, revenue and earnings growth, earnings per share (EPS) growth and stock-price appreciation, the firm said.
“Middle East companies, boards and company owners very often end up going outside the organisation to fill the CEO top spot. As organisations mature it is becoming increasingly important to focus on leadership development and creating a pool of internal qualified candidates. Unfortunately the stakeholders more often than not pay a big price for this star search. Companies in the region could benefit by an increased focus on CEO and leadership succession planning within an overall talent management strategy,” said Dan Starta, partner and managing director, A.T. Kearney Middle East.
The study, “Homegrown CEO: The Key to Superior Long-Term Financial Performance is Leadership Succession,” was recently released by The Kelley School of Business at Indiana University and A.T. Kearney.
The 36 companies identified in the study represent 25 different industries and include international names such as Abbott Laboratories, Caterpillar, Colgate-Palmolive, DuPont, Exxon, FedEx, Honda, Johnson Controls, McDonald’s, Microsoft, Nike and United Technologies, among others.
According to A.T. Kearney, outsiders experience a significantly higher failure rate and a much shorter tenure than CEOs recruited from inside.
Recruiting at the top is also often far more risky, costly and disruptive than seeding succession from within.
While sometimes the situation requires the unique skills that an external CEO brings, external CEO candidates often are significantly more costly to attract than homegrown, internal candidates.
Median compensation—salary, bonus, and equity incentives—for external CEOs is 65 per cent higher than for those promoted from within.Moreover, 40 per cent of CEOs recruited from outside last two years or less and almost two-thirds are gone before their fourth anniversary.
“The dramatic results of this research show that responsibility for managing leadership succession is among the most important duties of a board of directors. This responsibility cannot be left to the CEO, the chief human resources officer, or to chance, where all too often it currently seems to reside. Boards need to develop relationships with CEOs that enable them to monitor, advise and, when necessary, adjust the process to ensure that a talented executive is ready to step in, whether in an emergency or over a three- to five-year transition,” added Fred G. Steingraber, chairman emeritus of A.T. Kearney and leader of the study.
The study concludes that an effective process of succession planning and fully-engaged boards of directors is critical to selecting the right future leader. The process must be comprehensive and institutionalised in the company, and must include a long-term understanding of candidates’ records, references, leadership style and values under various conditions and in different roles.
The study provides four specific recommendations:
- Involve the board early
- Find the proper fit
- Establish a nominating committee
- Engage the incumbent
“The results reported in this study underscore the critical importance of managing talent pipelines in corporations. As the region becomes an increasingly important player; in many sectors on the global stage, the value of intellectual capital inherent in an understanding of the culture, has become even more important for maintaining growth and a competitive edge. Middle Eastern companies could leverage benefits from adopting a more strategic approach to this type of succession planning,” said Starta.-TradeArabia News Service