5 Mena countries in top 50 ‘socially advanced’
Beirut, July 18, 2013
Five countries of the Middle East and North Africa (Mena) region are among 50 countries ranked by their social and environmental performance.
The Social Progress Index ranked the UAE as the 19th most socially advanced country in the world, whereas Tunisia ranked 28th, Jordan 31st, Morocco 37th and Egypt 40th.
The Social Progress Index was designed by professor Michael Porter and The Social Progress Imperative. This was done in collaboration with economists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and leading international organisations in social entrepreneurship, business, philanthropy, and academia including Deloitte, Cisco, Skoll Foundation, Fundación Avina, and Compartamos Banco.
Sweden was graded the most socially advanced country globally, with Britain in the second position above Germany, which ranked fifth, the US, sixth, and Japan, eighth.
The Social Progress Index is based entirely on social and environmental measures covering basic human needs, foundations of wellbeing and opportunity. The index shows where nations should focus their efforts to improve the wellbeing of their people. It uses a rigorous statistical technique and the best available data from internationally recognised sources, including the World Bank and the World Health Organisation.
“The ‘Arab Spring’ of 2011 and the challenges in Mexico over the last decade have illustrated the shortcomings of economic growth as a proxy for social progress,” said professor Porter. “In both business and economic development, our understanding of success has been incomplete.
“Previous efforts to go beyond economic measurement alone have laid important groundwork, but we need a more holistic, comprehensive, and rigorous approach. The Social Progress Index is an attempt to address these gaps and opportunities.
“Social progress depends on the policy choices, investments, and implementation capabilities of multiple stakeholders – government, civil society, and business. Action needs to be catalysed at country level. By informing and motivating those stakeholders to work together and develop a more holistic approach to development, I am confident that social progress will accelerate.”
The Social Progress Imperative asserts that traditional indicators of economic growth do not tell the whole story of a country’s progress. While certainly greater income leads to higher standards of living, it is possible to achieve a high level of social progress at a relatively modest income level or even see progress regress over time.
No countries score in the top half for all 12 components of the Social Progress Index which are nutrition and basic medical care; air, water and sanitation; shelter; personal safety; access to basic knowledge; access to information and communication; health and wellness; ecosystem sustainability; personal rights; access to higher education; personal freedom and choice; and equity and inclusion.
Some of the key findings from the Social Progress Index include:
Scores on the health and wellness component show no correlation to spending on health as a per cent of GDP for the 16 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries in the index. This finding poses particular challenges for countries that spend the most on healthcare. The US, for example, leads OECD nations in total spending per capita on healthcare, but ranks only 11th of the 16 OECD countries in the Social Progress Index on health and wellness.
UAE performed the highest in several categories out of the five Mena countries included in the index. Its overall rank was 19th, 11th in basic human needs, and 9th for personal safety. The UAE also ranks 30th for opportunity, which encompasses personal rights, access to higher education and personal freedom and choice.
Britain (2nd) and Sweden (1st) performed highly on the Social Progress Index when compared to their performance on the United Nations Human Development Index because they perform consistently across the three dimensions of social progress – basic needs, foundations of wellbeing and opportunity - whereas the US is weaker on foundations of wellbeing and Germany and France are weaker on opportunity. Nearly all rich countries perform poorly on ecosystem sustainability - especially large countries with abundant natural resources like Australia (46th), Canada (47th), and the US (48th).
“The Social Progress Index shows that countries with similar levels of GDP can have very different levels of social progress,” said Michael Green, executive director of the Social Progress Imperative. “We expect some surprising transfers of knowledge in the next few years, as standout performers – among government, civil society, and business – document and share their approaches.”
“At Deloitte, we believe that business plays a fundamental role in shaping and creating the society of the future. We will only resolve the big issues we face today, globally and regionally, through government, business and civil society working together in new and innovative ways to design and deliver solutions that create a sustainable and prosperous future for all,” said Heather Hancock, managing director at Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited.
“We believe the Social Progress Index will make it easier for business to understand where and how it can get involved, helping to prioritise social investment decisions, and galvanise collective action.”
The Social Progress Index is the first project of the Social Progress Imperative as part of a wider set of initiatives to guide the investment and policy decisions of governments, the private sector, and civil society to have a positive impact on people’s lives. - TradeArabia News Service