World hopes US will avoid debt 'suicide'
Singapore, July 25, 2011
Policymakers worldwide oscillated between hope and confidence on Monday that US
lawmakers will break a debt impasse that threatens to trigger a default and up-end global financial markets.
Asia, which holds close to $3 trillion in US government debt, has a powerful vested interest in Washington finding a workable compromise. Policymakers and economists expected lawmakers would strike a last-minute deal to avert a crisis.
The political brinkmanship hit world stocks on Monday and pushed money into safe-haven gold and Swiss francs, ending a brief relief rally over Greece's second bailout package, although there was no sign of panic.
But with just eight days left before August 2, when the Treasury Department has estimated it will run short of money to pay all of its bills, the worry level was rising.
'Those in direct charge of reserves operations must be more nervous than before, but nobody thinks Americans will choose suicide when they have known solutions,' said a senior official at the Bank of Korea, who spoke on condition of anonymity.
Fresh from pulling together a new bailout of debt-ridden Greece, Berlin also expected Washington would raise its debt limit. 'We have ... followed the debate in America with great interest and we continue to remain confident that a compromise can be reached,' German government spokesman Christoph Steegmans told a news conference. Others were less sanguine, and much blunter.
'The irony of the situation at the moment ... is that the biggest threat to the world financial system comes from a few right-wing nutters in the American Congress rather than the euro zone,' British government minister Vince Cable said on Sunday.
Asian sources said finding a solution was primarily a matter of mustering political will rather than securing rescue funding, which can be far more complicated, as Greece's crisis has shown.
'They will definitely reach a compromise,' said Xia Bin, an academic adviser to the People's Bank of China. 'Don't worry too much about it.'
China is the largest foreign owner of US government debt, with $1.16 trillion as of May, so a vote of confidence from Beijing carries significant weight.
A senior Indian government official said the Obama administration and lawmakers must be well aware of the consequences for global markets of failing to reach a deal. 'If you look at the world markets, they are jittery though they have not nose-dived,' the Indian official said.
Australian Treasurer Wayne Swan said a protracted debt ceiling debate added uncertainty to the global economy. 'With the global recovery and confidence still fragile, it's in everyone's interests that US policymakers work towards a speedy resolution,' Swan said in an email to Reuters.
Congress has set the US government's borrowing limit at $14.3 trillion, but the Treasury has already tapped that amount and needs more to meet its obligations. Republicans want an agreement on spending cuts before they authorise more borrowing.
Democrats want to see a mix of lower spending and higher taxes.
Ratings agencies have warned that even if Congress raises the debt ceiling and averts a default, they may still strip the United States of its AAA credit rating, the highest possible, if lawmakers fail to agree on deeper long-term budget cuts.
A lower credit rating could raise borrowing costs not only for the US government but also for other countries, companies and consumers because US Treasuries are the benchmark by which many loans are measured.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, speaking in Hong Kong, said she believed Congress would secure a debt deal and 'work with President Obama to take steps to improve our long-term fiscal outlook'.
Ethan Harris, co-head of global economic research at Bank of America-Merrill Lynch, said he expected a temporary increase in the debt ceiling with the promise of up to $4 trillion in deficit reductions to be finalised six months later.
'The base case scenario can be summarised as 'appease and delay' -- appease the rating agencies and the market with the beginnings of a large plan, but in actuality delay the crisis further into the future,' Harris said.
Robert Tipp, chief investment strategist at Prudential Fixed Income in Newark, New Jersey, said the US Treasury may have a bit of wiggle room on the August 2 deadline because tax revenues had exceeded expectations. But that would buy days, not weeks. - Reuters