N Korea scraps nuclear deal
Seoul, April 14, 2009
North Korea said on Tuesday it was no longer bound by an international nuclear disarmament deal and would re-start its plant that makes bomb-grade plutonium after the UN chastised it for launching a long-range rocket.
The UN Security Council on Monday unanimously condemned North Korea's launch nearly two weeks ago as contravening a UN ban, and demanded enforcement of existing sanctions against Pyongyang.
Markets in Seoul and Tokyo were unfazed by the latest news from North Korea seeing it as part of its usual sabre rattling.
The UN measures for a launch widely seen as a disguised test of a long-range missile will have little immediate impact on the North's faltering economy and the divided international response could embolden leader Kim Jong-il, analysts said.
North Korea said the six-country nuclear talks "have become useless," and it "will no longer be bound by any agreement being made at the six-party talks," its KCNA news agency quoted its Foreign Ministry as saying.
"We will actively consider building our own light-water nuclear reactor, will revive nuclear facilities and reprocess used nuclear fuel rods," the ministry said. Experts said it lacks the technology to make an advanced light-water reactor.
North Korea began taking apart its Soviet-era Yongbyon nuclear plant more than a year ago as a part of a disarmament-for-aid deal it reached with China, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States.
Japan urged North Korea to return to the often-stalled nuclear talks while Russia's Foreign Ministry said it regretted Pyongyang's decision.
The steps in total were aimed at taking a year to reverse but experts said the North could have its plant that separates plutonium from spent fuel rods up running again in as little as three months.
"North Korea's statements are always a mixture of bluff and real threats, but I think the threats are more real this time, and I think they'll continue for the next few months at least," said Shi Yinhong, a regional security expert at Renmin University in Beijing.
Announcements like this from North Korea are part of a familiar pattern of behaviour, and as such it is not likely to be a destabilising factor for regional economies.
"Market players have come to view belligerent North Korean statements as bargaining ploys that are not to be taken at face value," said Tim Condon, an economist at ING Financial Markets in Singapore.
Analysts said China, which shares a border with North Korea and is the closest thing Pyongyang can claim as a major ally, is unlikely to use its crucial position of enforcing UN sanctions in order to avoid destabilising its destitute neighbour.
Chinese officials had called for restraint for what many saw as a disguised test of a long-range missile but by now joining the condemnation, Beijing has stoked uncertainty about how it intends to balance ties with Pyongyang against pressure from regional powers, which could have long-term implications.
"It means China is paying much more attention to the United States and Japan, and less to North Korea and its relations with North Korea," said Shi. - Reuters