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Clinton warns of Iran 'stunt' ahead of Latam

Washington, June 7, 2010

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton warned of Iran "stunts" ahead of a visit to Latin America (Latam) where regional powerhouse Brazil opposes the US drive for new UN sanctions over Tehran's nuclear program.

Clinton said she fully expected Iran to "pull some stunt" in the coming days to try to divert pressure for sanctions, but predicted this would fail.

"I think we'll see something coming up in the next 24 to 48 hours," Clinton told reporters aboard her plane before departing. "I don't think anybody should be surprised if they try to divert attention once again from the unity within the Security Council ... but we have the votes," she said.

Clinton's trip takes her to Peru for a meeting of the Organization of American States (OAS), followed by stops in Ecuador, Colombia and Barbados.

The Obama administration has battled perceptions in Latin America that early vows of close cooperation have failed to materialize along with pledges to liberalize treatment of Cuba and to review immigration laws.

"The expectations in the region ran way ahead of reality and there is a certain disappointment and cynicism that has set it," said Eric Farnsworth, vice president of the Washington, D.C.-based Council of the Americas.

"Some of these things are devilishly difficult and it is not going to happen overnight," he said. "The secretary is going to try to put this in a broader context."

US-Brazil ties have been strained by possible new UN sanctions on Tehran, which Washington has said it hopes to put to a UN Security Council vote this week. Brazil, along with Turkey, wants more time for diplomacy.

Both sides say the Iran issue is only one part of a broad and growing US-Brazil relationship. But the dispute has set the US publicly at odds with Latin America's fastest rising power as it stakes out a spot on the world stage.

Disagreement on honduras

Clinton's trip, her second to the region in three months, is aimed at reaffirming Washington's commitment to Latin America on everything from the battle against drug trafficking to promoting regional trade.

But differences could erupt at the OAS meeting in Peru, particularly over the question of whether to readmit Honduras after a 2009 coup toppled President Manuel Zelaya.

The US helped to broker November elections that put President Porfirio Lobo in power and says his administration deserves OAS recognition. Brazil and Argentina oppose it, arguing his government still has roots in a coup.

"There still are some countries that believe that Honduras should take additional steps, which is a position that's different from that of the US," Assistant Secretary of State Arturo Valenzuela said at a briefing.

In Colombia, Clinton will meet the country's two presidential candidates, due for a June 20 run-off, as well as signal US support for its closest regional ally despite a planned $55 million cut in aid.

She also will make a quick visit to Ecuador, whose leftist President Rafael Correa has ties with a regional bloc that also includes Bolivia's Evo Morales and Venezuela's Hugo Chavez, who is a loud critic of US policy.

"We don't want Correa to go the way of Chavez and he has done some pretty quirky things," said Johanna Mendelson Forman, a Latin America expert at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington think-tank. "This is to show we are not isolating them."

Iran issue looms

Despite the Latin America focus, Iran looks certain to push its way onto Clinton's agenda.

The US is pushing hard for new UN sanctions, saying Iran's violations of its nuclear obligations leave no doubt it seeks atomic weapons -- a charge Tehran denies.

But Brazil and Turkey, both now nonpermanent members of the council, have sought to revive a proposed atomic fuel deal for Tehran, declaring that sanctions should be avoided.

The US has built a fragile consensus with the four other veto-wielding permanent Security Council members, Britain, France, Russia and China, and says the fuel deal idea fails to address core concerns over Iran's nuclear ambitions.

But the Security Council showdown with two of the developing world's most influential countries over Iran could underscore the limits of US influence over even friendly emerging powers like Brazil.

"The US has still not factored in the inescapable conclusion that Brazil today is on an irrevocable path towards independent foreign policy," said Larry Birns, director of the Council on Hemispheric Affairs in Washington. – Reuters




Tags: Iran | clinton | latin america | Brazil UN sanctions |

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