Rafsanjani says Iran in crisis after election
Tehran, July 17, 2009
In apparent defiance of Iran's supreme leader, a powerful cleric declared his country in crisis after a disputed poll, and tens of thousands of protesters used Friday prayers to stage the biggest show of dissent for weeks.
'We are all members of a family. I hope with this sermon we can pass through this period of hardships that can be called a crisis,' said former president Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, leading weekly prayers for the first time since the June 12 vote.
No senior establishment figure has previously described the post-election turmoil as a crisis for the Islamic Republic.
Rafsanjani's remarks posed a clear challenge to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has upheld the election result and accused foreign powers of fomenting the unrest.
Outside Tehran University, the longstanding venue for Friday prayers, police used tear gas and batons to try to disperse supporters of defeated presidential candidate Mirhossein Mousavi. At least 15 people were arrested, a witness said.
Mousavi, a former prime minister, attended the ceremony in his first official public appearance since the vote, which he says was rigged. The authorities deny any fraud.
Rafsanjani, who backed Mousavi's election campaign, said many Iranians had doubts about official results that showed hardline President Mahmoud Ahmedinejad had won by a wide margin.
The pragmatic cleric, who heads the Council of Experts - a powerful body that can in theory dismiss the supreme leader - attacked the way authorities had handled the poll and its aftermath.
'When people are not in the scene and their votes are not there, that government is not Islamic,' he said, referring to opposition charges of vote-rigging. 'Today is a bitter day.'
Rafsanjani said it was vital to restore voters' faith in the system. 'That trust cannot be brought back in a day or a night. We all have been harmed. Today more than ever we need unity.'
He criticised the Guardian Council, a clerical body which vets candidates and considers election complaints, for failing to do its job even though it was given five extra days to make its assessment. The council has denied any irregularities.
Using harsh language against the use of security forces to quell protests, Rafsanjani, who was close to Iran's late revolutionary founder Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, said: 'I speak as a person who has been with the revolution on a daily basis. We knew what Imam Khomeini wanted. He didn't want the use of terror or arms, even in fights (for the revolution).'
The election stirred the most striking display of internal dissent in the oil-producing country since the 1979 Islamic revolution and exposed deepening divisions in its establishment.
'If the Islamic and Republican sides of the revolution are not preserved, it means we have forgotten the principles of the revolution,' said Rafsanjani, who was enraged during the election campaign when Ahmadinejad accused him of corruption.
At least 20 people died in post-election violence. Mousavi and the authorities blame each other for the bloodshed. Riot police and religious Basij militia eventually suppressed the street demonstrations, but Mousavi has remained defiant.
Rafsanjani also demanded the immediate release of people detained in the unrest and called for press curbs to be relaxed. Some of his own relatives, including his daughter Faezeh, were arrested briefly for joining pro-Mousavi rallies.
'It is not necessary for us to have a number of people in prisons ... we should allow them to return to their families,' he said, in an emotional tone. 'It is not necessary to pressure media. We should allow them to work freely within the law.'
Earlier people inside the hall could be heard chanting 'Mousavi, Mousavi, we support you', briefly interrupt