US to sanction Iran's petrochemical industry
Washington, November 19, 2011
The United States plans to sanction Iran's petrochemical industry, sources familiar with the matter said, seeking to raise pressure on Tehran after fresh allegations it may be pursuing nuclear weapons.
The sources said Washington wanted to send a strong signal after the UN nuclear watchdog issued a November 8 report saying Iran appeared to have worked on designing an atomic bomb and may still be secretly carrying out related research.
The sources, who said the sanctions could be unveiled as early as Monday, said the Washington wanted to find a way to bar foreign companies from aiding Iran's petrochemical industry with the threat of depriving them access to the US market.
While European nations typically resent 'extra-territorial' US sanctions on their companies, the sources, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said in this case the Europeans would likely follow suit, though not immediately.
US firms are barred from most trade with Iran. The US push is therefore aimed at foreign firms by in effect making them choose between working with Iran's petrochemical industry or doing business in the vast US market.
It was not clear what authorities the Obama administration planned to invoke to impose the sanctions or precisely how, and how much, they would hurt Iran's petrochemical sector.
Discussion of the idea comes amid a renewed flurry of Israeli media speculation about the possibility of an Israeli military strike to try to destroy Iran's nuclear facilities.
The United States suspects Iran may be using its civil nuclear program as a cover to develop nuclear weapons. Iran has insisted its program is purely peaceful.
Anxieties about Iran's nuclear program increased after the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) released intelligence last week suggesting Iran has undertaken research and experiments geared to developing a nuclear weapons capability.
Iran, which denies it wants nuclear weapons, has condemned the findings of the Vienna-based IAEA as "unbalanced" and "politically motivated."
The report increased tensions in the Middle East and led to redoubled calls in Western capitals for stiffer sanctions against Tehran. Last year, the US Congress approved sanctions that targeted Iran's energy and banking sectors, threatening to penalize foreign companies that did business with Tehran.
Those sanctions took particular aim at Iran's ability to refine crude oil into petroleum products such as gasoline.
The sources said there had also been discussion of sanctions on the Iranian financial sector, possibly by limiting certain transactions through the Iranian central bank, but not through a blanket effort to cut it off entirely.
While US officials last week said the idea of cutting off the Iranian central bank entirely was off the table for now, several sources said there had been consideration of more limited measures.
"There was displeasure at the top with the view that it's all or nothing ... (and that if it's all) we take out our own economic recovery," he said. "The instruction was given to look for other possible avenues."
The sources said the United States was reluctant to try to cut off the Iranian central bank for fear this could drive oil prices dramatically higher, potentially impairing the U.S.
The US and its European allies, notably Britain, France and Germany, are seeking ways to raise the pressure on Iran without going to the UN Security Council, where fresh sanctions are all but sure to be opposed by Russia and China.
The UN Security Council has passed four resolutions imposing sanctions on Iran but both Russia and China have made clear their reluctance to go further for now.
There has been growing pressure from the US Congress and prominent Republicans, including presidential candidate and Texas Governor Rick Perry and former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, to sanction the Iranian central bank.
Perry advocated the idea in a televised debate on Saturday while Rice did so in an interview with Reuters on Wednesday.
"There is time for diplomacy but it better be pretty coercive diplomacy at this point," she told Reuters.
"There are many things we could do even without probably the Security Council: sanction the Iranian central bank, deny them access to the financial system through that," said Rice.
US congressional pressure is also building on the issue. Senator Mark Kirk, a Republican, this week introduced an amendment he says is intended to "collapse" Iran's central bank.
His amendment would place sanctions on foreign financial institutions that do business with Iran's central bank. A similar proposal by House Democratic Representative Howard Berman already has passed a House committee.
One source said that the Obama administration is looking for ways to narrowly target any sanctions that may touch on the Iranian central bank partly to forestall what are seen as much more far-reaching proposals in Congress.
"The administration is trying to get ahead of what is coming in Congress," he said, saying the administration was "looking for ideas, but ideas short of what is being proposed on the Hill, which many people think would be devastating."-Reuters