Kenya rivals sign power-sharing deal
Nairobi, February 28, 2008
Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga signed a power-sharing agreement on Thursday intended to end a post-election crisis that left 1,000 people dead.
Crowds of onlookers clapped as the two rivals inked a deal at a televised ceremony to set up a coalition government and create a prime minister's post for Odinga after negotiations mediated by former UN chief Kofi Annan.
The two leaders had come under intense pressure to compromise over Kibaki's disputed re-election in a December 27 vote, which forced 300,000 people to flee their homes amid ethnic violence and severely damaged Kenya's reputation as a stable regional economic hub.
Besides the prime minister's job Odinga has sought since he helped first elect Kibaki in 2002, the deal will also give cabinet posts based on each party's strength in parliament.
Odinga's Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) has the largest number of seats.
Cabinet portfolios would be balanced along the same lines, Annan said.
"Compromise was necessary for the survival of this country," Annan said after the signing.
"I commend all those whose efforts have made this possible ... they kept the future of Kenya always in their sights and reached a common position for the good of the nation."
The deal also includes a full review of the constitution, a 45-year-old document which many Kenyans have pushed to change since the 1990s because it gives the president nearly total authority over the affairs of state.
Thursday's talks brought Odinga and Kibaki to the same table for the first time in a month, after discussions between their parties hit a deadlock earlier in the week.
"As a nation there are more issues that unite than divide us. We've been reminded we must do all in our power to safeguard the peace that is the foundation of our national unity ... Kenya has room for all of us," Kibaki said in his speech afterward.
A beaming Odinga said: "We have opened a new chapter in our history, from the era of confrontation to the beginning of cooperation."
"We should begin to ensure that Kenyans begin to celebrate and love each other, that we destroy the monster that is called ethnicity," he said.
In his opposition stronghold of Kisumu on the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya's west, residents took to the streets celebrating and ululating over the deal, witnesses said. - Reuters